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Ceannt joined Sinn Féin in 1908 and soon afterwards was inducted into the IRB. In 1912 he persuaded the British Parliament to pass a Home Rule Bill giving Ireland limited autonomy. Held by some to embody the “blood sacrifice” doctrine, whereby Ireland would mimic Christ by sacrificing herself to British guns, Pearse was quietly criticised by survivors for treating the rebellion as “a Greek tragedy”. James Connolly was a trade union leader who became one of the main driving forces of the 1916 Easter Rising. As early as 1914, members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) were plotting to rebel and seize control of Ireland while Britain and its military forces were engaged in Europe. He went to UCD and later worked for Dublin Corporation. In a photograph of this moment, Elizabeth O’Farrell’s skirt and feet are visible beside Pearse. During a trip to the Aran Islands he met Pearse and the two became friends. Executed Leaders of the 1916 Rebellion James Connolly (1868-1916) ... Willie’s rank was as a captain in the Volunteers during the Easter Rising of 1916. His execution, for which he had to be strapped in a chair because of he was weak from being wounded in the Rising, still resonates as a powerful image in Irish nationalist circles. When the Easter Rising eventually began on Easter Monday, 24 April 1916, it was Pearse who read the Proclamation of the Irish Republic from outside the General Post Office, the headquarters of the Rising. Capt JC Bowen-Colthurst used him as a hostage while attacking the shop of Alderman James Kelly, at the top of Camden Street (now Kelly’s Corner). He joined the Irish Volunteers in November 1913 and in 1915 the IRB. At first, the Rising was very unpopular with people in Dublin and throughout the rest of Ireland. He was one of the founding members of the Volunteers in 1913. The executed leaders were gradually seen as heroes. At just the age of 25, he was the youngest of the Rising leaders to be executed. Kathleen Lynn was the daughter of a Church of Ireland clergyman. O’Hanrahan founded the first Carlow branch of the Gaelic League, and published two novels, A Swordsman of the Brigade and When the Norman Came. General Post Office (G.P.O. Patrick Pearse, James Connolly, Thomas Clarke , Sean Mac Dermott. The Irish Volunteers, the smaller of the two forces resulting from the September 1914 split over s… Daly pleaded not guilty at his trial to staging a rebellion. Born in 1883 in Kiltyclogher, Co Leitrim, at 16 he emigrated to Glasgow. In the following pages, seven of the leaders of the 1916 Rising are discussed, including Patrick Pearse, James Connolly, Thomas Clarke, Sean Mac Dermott, Joseph Mary Plunkett, Eamonn Ceannt, and Thomas MacDonagh. The Easter Rising was an Irish rebellion against British rule staged in Dublin in April 1916, which accelerated moves toward securing Ireland's freedom from the British Empire. He joined the Irish Volunteers in 1913. The 1916 Leaders The 1916 Rising was about much more than just fighting – while the military aspect of it was obviously very important, there were other strands to it too; most significantly, cultural and political ones. 1916 Rising leaders knew the limits of the Church. He forbade his family to come to see him before he was executed and told them he was “proud to die for such a cause. The rebellion was quickly crushed by British forces and was considered a failure at first. His son, Fr Joseph Mallin (102), is the last surviving child of an executed Rising leader. Born in Dublin in 1887, Plunkett was educated at Belvedere College, Stonyhurst in England and UCD. Born - October 19, 1888 Died - May 08, 1916. principal planners and leaders of the 1916 rising Little is known about the true plans for the Easter Rising; for those who were involved it was a top secret affair. Sean MacDermott was executed in Kilmainham Jail and buried at Arbour Hill. O’Hanrahan was offered the opportunity to flee, but declined. Joseph Mary Plunkett from Dublin was an Irish nationalist, poet, journalist, and a leader of the 1916 Easter Rising. Many joined the British army. O’Farrell was the person Patrick Pearse sent out from Moore Street to deliver the surrender document on Saturday April 29th. Margaret Skinnider, a teacher and member of Cumann na mBan, was shot and injured during Easter Week 1916. Tomás MacDonagh from Cloughjordan, Tipperary was a poet, playwright, educationalist and revolutionary leader.… Mallin, like James Connolly, was one of the two rebel leaders who had been in the British Army. He was crippled by an attack of polio in 1912 but continued his work. DeValera, the only battalion commander not killed, was saved because Redmon proclaimed him an American citizen. Collins was chairman of the new Irish Free State provisional government and head of the Irish Army when killed by anti-Treaty forces in Co Cork in 1922. However, this opinion changed when the British executed fifteen of the leaders of the Rising after a court martial in Kilmainham Jail between the 3rd and 12th of May 1916. From Connolly to Pearse and Clarke to … Born - October 16, 1890 Died - August 22, 1922. John Daly, the old Fenian, was an uncle. Kent was executed by firing squad on May 9th, 1916, in the Military Detention Barracks, Cork, and buried in an unmarked grave in its grounds. Updated 06/03/19. He was appointed second-in-command by Thomas MacDonagh at Jacob’s factory. After financing the Howth gun-running, Casement met German officials at the start of the first World War, and persuaded them to give arms to the Volunteers. Taken aback by the Rising and the rise of republicanism, Redmond grew ill and died in March 1918, a few months before his Irish Party were trounced in the General Election by Sinn Féin. He was among the most capable of all the military commanders of Easter Week. What can be seen of her is often edited out of the surrender photograph – a metaphor for some for how women have been erased from the 1916 narrative. He was the art teacher in his brother’s school, St Enda’s, and was Patrick Pearse’s eyes and ears when the elder brother went fundraising in the US in 1914. Still towering above the Liffey, and definitely one of the lesser known … During Easter Week he fought at several locations around the city and surrendered with the Marrowbone Lane Garrison, which was part of the South Dublin Union Garrison. She was accompanied by a British army officer as far as Butt Bridge, where he turned back leaving her to brave the sniping and complete her task, which she did. Born - September 1, 1856 Died - March 6, 1918. 2 April – W. B. Yeats's play At the Hawk's Well is first performed, privately in London. ), April Rising 1916 Bridge over the Liffey, central Dublin in ruins, April 1916 His son, Séan MacBride, went on to win the Nobel Peace Prize. Born - November 10, 1879 Died - May 3, 1916. Born - September 1, 1864 Died - August 3, 1916. A Scottish-born socialist and trade union activist, Connolly co-founded the Irish Citizen Army to defend workers’ rights after the 1913 Lockout. He joined as a drummer boy aged 14 and served for 14 years. Dec 1, 2015 - Portraits and photographs of the leaders of the rising. Pádraig Pearse from Dublin was an Irish teacher, barrister, poet, writer, nationalist and one of the leaders of the Easter Rising in 1916. Fifteen of these were shot between May 3rd and 12th. A Proclamation signatory, he was executed on May 8th, 1916. All seven of the signers were executed along with eight others. The Supreme Council of the IRB met on 5 September 1914, a month after the United Kingdom declared war on Germany. Delayed after protests in Britain and Ulster, the Bill was suspended in 1914 over the first World War. Sixteen men were executed in the aftermath of the Easter Rising, 1916. In 1900, he joined the Gaelic League and became passionately involved in the language revival movement. British officials used his African diaries (which contained gay references) to quell international pressure to spare him, and he was hanged in Pentonville Prison in London on August 13th. He was a much better talker than fighter. MacBride was a nationalist hero before the Easter Rising for his part in commanding the Irish Brigade which fought with the Boers in South Africa. Share In 1906 he joined the Belfast circle of the IRB and was later appointed treasurer of the IRB’s supreme council. But they also drew courage from their faith to know how to live life and face death” - Bishop Leahy. Before the Rising, he worked as the quartermaster of the 2nd battalion of the Irish Volunteers. Elizabeth O’Farrell, a Cumann na mBan member born in Dublin in 1884, was stationed at the GPO during the Rising, where she attended to the wounded including James Connolly. In 1918 she became the first female British MP and in 1919 the second woman to become a European cabinet minister as minister for labour in the first Dáil. She joined the Irish Citizens Army in 1913 and sold her jewellery to feed the poor. The only female leader of the 1916 Rising, Constance Georgine Gore-Booth took her name from her 1900 marriage to the Polish Count Casimir Markievicz. Born - January 28, 1874 Died - September 14, 1955. Born - December 23, 1878 Died - April 26, 1916. He was elected to the provisional committee of the Irish Volunteers in 1913 and in 1915 was on the IRB military council set up to plan the Rising. He fought in the GPO. Mallin was executed on May 8th, 1916. He was sentenced to death but married the artist, Grace Gifford, in his cell in Kilmainham Gaol shortly before his execution on May 4th. The only female leader of the 1916 Rising, Constance Georgine Gore-Booth took her name from her 1900 marriage to the Polish Count Casimir Markievicz. With Joseph Plunkett he edited the Irish Review and helped Edward Martyn to found the Irish Theatre in 1914. Tripsavvy's Editorial Guidelines. A small number of labor leaders and political revolutionaries occupied government buildings and factories, proclaiming a new … After a new, widened military pension Act was introduced in 1934, she applied again and was eventually granted a pension in 1938. The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, which was a revolutionary society within the nationalist organization called the Irish Volunteers; the latter had about 16,000 members and was armed with German weapons smuggled into the country in 1914. He was in command of the Jacob’s factory garrison on Bishop Street (now the National Archives) during the Rising. Politicised by the suffrage movement, she joined the Irish Women’s Suffrage and Local Government Association and the militant, British-based Women’s Social and Political Union. Early in the morning of Wednesday, April 26th, 1916, she received “two gunshot wounds in shoulder and one gunshot wound a quarter inch from spine” she wrote in a pension application in 1925. In 1899 she graduated from the Royal University of Ireland, having studied at the Catholic University Medical School. Sackville Street, Dublin after the 1916 Rising. Bowen-Colthurst destroyed the shop with grenades, and shot dead a 17-year-old boy before marching Sheehy-Skeffington and two journalists to Portobello Barracks. Lynn’s greatest work lay in medicine, and she established St Ultan’s Hospital for Infants with her friend Madeleine ffrench-Mullen in 1919. Willie Pearse was Patrick Pearse’s younger brother by two years and five days. However, this opinion changed when the British executed fifteen of the leaders of the Rising after a court martial in Kilmainham Jail between the 3. Arts and literature. Born - February 1, 1878 Died - May 3, 1916. A devout Catholic, he joined the IRB late, but quickly grew extreme in his thinking. Collins later became IRB president and minister for finance of the first Dáil (1919). Sean McDermott was one of the leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising. He told his trial that he had no knowledge of the insurrection until Monday morning April 24th. An Ulster Protestant knighted by Britain for exposing brutal behaviour by Europeans in Peru and the Congo, Casement joined Sinn Féin in 1905, and quit Britain’s consular service in 1913 to co-found the Irish Volunteers. In her mid-20s at the time, Skinnider was commanding five men on a mission to “destroy houses in Harcourt Street to cut off enemy approaches”. Though three times the age of some Irish Volunteers, Clarke fought in the GPO throughout Easter Week. Bernd Biege. Born in 1878 at Cloughjordan, Co Tipperary, MacDonagh attended Rockwell College and followed his parents into teaching. Willie was stationed in the GPO, where he stood by Patrick’s side as his ADC until the surrender order came. Born - October 14, 1882 Died - August 29, 1975. Lynn was buried with full military honours in 1955. He was in command of the Irish Citizen Army at St Stephen’s Green on Easter Monday. It took two days of heavy fighting before Heuston and his small body of men, some 26 in total, surrendered. In 1915 they formed a Military Committee to plan a rebellion, later adding Pearse, Eamonn Ceannt, Joseph Mary Plunkett, Connolly and Thomas MacDonagh. Aide-de-camp to Count Plunkett in the GPO, he fought alongside Pearse and Connolly. Despite his illness, he took his place in the GPO and signed the Proclamation. It was done to protest against British rule in Ireland.. At first, the Irish had planned to have a larger number of men attack the city. The revelations undermined the assumption of moral superiority that, for the authorities, justified the executions of the leaders of the Rising. He joined Fianna Éireann, the scouting association set up as a counterweight to Robert Baden Powell’s boy scouts. The British captured the U-boat carrying the arms near Tralee, however, and Casement was arrested. Born in Dublin, he attended O’Connell School in North Richmond Street. Magazine Fort, Phoenix Park. One of the British officers, who took the surrender of Pádraig Pearse, went on to become a famous … Fifteen were shot and one was hanged. Radical Irish Nationalists refused to wait for the end of the war. He was appointed to the IRB military council but fell ill in early 1916. Bernd Biege. A poet like Pearse, he became the first teacher on the staff of St Enda’s. After the British Government allowed the military to handle the rebels’ punishment, Maxwell was made “military governor” of Dublin and from May 2nd-9th, tried the rebel leaders by secretive field court martial – a trial without either defence lawyer or jury. In early 1916, he threatened to launch his own rebellion against the British, but was persuaded to wait until April by the IRB leaders. During the Rising, he joined Thomas MacDonagh in Jacob’s factory and was third in command after MacDonagh and John MacBride. Second-in-command was Countess Markievicz. Afterwards, Pearse himself went out to surrender in person to General Lowe. One of 13 children who grew up on a farm in west Limerick, he moved to Dublin and became a drill instructor in Patrick Pearse’s St Enda’s School. Pearse was the person most responsible for drafting the … He was sentenced to death but, unable to stand after being seriously injured in the fighting, he was shot while strapped to a chair in Kilmainham Gaol on May 12th. The first signatory on the 1916 Proclamation was Thomas Clarke, who joined the IRB, or the Fenians, in 1878 and with his protégé Seán Mac Diarmada effectively ran it in the run-up to the Rising. Born - December 01, 1874 Died - May 08, 1916. By Sarah Mac Donald - 18 March, 2016 “They had courage in abundance to follow their patriotic convictions. Con Colbert was one of the youngest to be executed. To what extent Irish leaders of the Easter Rising were mindful of the iconic Bulgarian Uprising 40 years before is a question worth more research. On his return to Dublin in 1911 he renewed his friendship with Thomas MacDonagh and with him launched the Irish Review. 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