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The New Portuguese Letters (1972). Faith Gillespie and Suzette Macedo. New Portuguese Letters rewrites the seventeenth-century love affair of Mariana Alcoforado, working from the assumption, implicit in the original text, that the nun has survived her desertion and despair through the therapeutic act of writing. The Mariana Alcoforado story is expanded upon through a series of flashbacks. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? Maria Velho da Costa and Maria Isabel Barreno had both written novels (Maina Mendes [1969] and Os outros legítimos superiores [1970], respectively) that featured women defying traditional bourgeois patriarchal family structures. An international solidarity campaign, orchestrated by feminist movements worldwide, countered the suppression too, drawing negative world attention to the absence of free speech, oppression of women, and abuse of human rights in Portugal. Freedom of the press was muzzled. The New Portuguese Letters, a huge and complicated garland—or perhaps wreath—of poetry and prose written by three women, dates from the last years of the Salazar-Caetano dictatorship. ‎Published in 1972, 'New Portuguese Letters ’addressed censored issues – such as the colonial war, immigration, the Catholic Church, violence, and the legal and social status of women – becoming a symbol of resistance against the Fascist Portuguese regime. Mariana uses him as much as he uses her. Published in 1972, New Portuguese Letters addressed censored issues – such as the colonial war, immigration, the Catholic Church, violence, and the legal and social status of women – becoming a symbol of resistance against the Fascist Portuguese regime. World Literature and Its Times: Profiles of Notable Literary Works and the Historic Events That Influenced Them. However, unable wholly to resist the general tenor of the times, its colonial system began to reveal some instabilities. Introduction to the Reception of New Portuguese Letters: Ireland and United Kingdom. The desire and the opportunity for such incursions into convents would naturally increase with the influx of foreign soldiers into garrison towns, such as Beja, the site of Mariana’s convent and a town very close to the frontier with Spain. New Portuguese Letters. The Angolan Insurrection marks the beginning of the colonial wars in Africa. Famous religious contemporaries of the real Mariana Alcoforado were Sister Maria do Céu (1658-1753), Sister Madalena da Glória (1672-176?) Sample this book! Spanish dominance came about when Spain successfully invaded Portugal, following the collapse of Portugal’s ruling Avis dynasty after the death in 1578 of Portugal’s boy king, Dom Sebastião, on an ill-considered crusade to North Africa. EMBED. Published in 1972, New Portuguese Letters addressed censored issues - such as the colonial war, immigration, the Catholic Church, violence, and the legal and social status of women - becoming a symbol of resistance against the Fascist Portuguese regime. It also became a major source of reference and inspiration for international feminist movements. A real historical figure who lived from 1640 to 1723, this Mariana was subsequently traced to a Franciscan order of nuns at the Royal Convent of our Lady of the Immaculate Conception in the Alentejan town of Beja. Add to Calendar 2017-03-31 13:20:00 2017-03-31 14:40:00 “The New Portuguese Letters, Anti-colonial Struggle & the Decolonization of Gender” 2017-03-31 13:20:00 2017-03-31 14:40:00 “The New Portuguese Letters, Anti-colonial Struggle & the Decolonization of Gender” Whether or not Mariana Alcoforado wrote the letters, her life in her convent community and in her family reveal much about the circumstances of cloistered women in the seventeenth century. In the next generation, it falls to Mariana’s niece, also named Mariana, to “continue” her aunt’s correspondence with the cavalier as a purely formal literary exercise, since by now both of the original lovers have died. We must bear in mind that Mariana Alcoforado was the victim of a social injustice of the times in which she lived, whereby in order to maintain the glory and wealth of noble families, through the institution of the “morgadio” [male entail inheritance] the eldest son would acquire almost the entire paternal inheritance, leaving the other sons to a career in the Church or the army, and the daughters, if they had no possibility of making a wealthy match, to the bars of a convent… Women did not become nuns, as they do nowadays, because they had a vocation or a special sense of devotion. As one of the Marias concludes, “we would never be able to follow the total pattern of the characters, of the situations, to the very end” (Letters, p. 301). by Neera Replacing passion itself with the act of writing about passion, Mariana finds her way out of the impasse of tragedy and death, enshrined in France’s legendary lovers Abelard and Heloïse, or the Celtic lovers Tristan and Isolde, or England’s Romeo and Juliet. Published in 1972, New Portuguese Letters addressed censored issues – such as the colonial war, immigration, the Catholic Church, violence, and the legal and social status of women – becoming a symbol of resistance against the Fascist Portuguese regime. This is the ""outrage to public decency"" which became an international cause celebre when the Portuguese government censored and tried the authors in 1972. They became nuns as a simple matter of family expediency, placed in the cloister, quite often right from being a young girl, even against their will or without any prior acquiescence. Download Full PDF Package. NEW PORTUGUESE LETTERS. 2-21). Her published letters create a scandal abroad. Lisbon: Classica Editora, 1971. Joana subsequently facilitates their meetings and communications while one of the nuns, Dona Brites, is also aware of the liaison. / Amaral, Ana Luísa; Freitas, Marinela; Ferreira, Ana Paula.. New Portuguese Letters to the World: International Reception. S status, even during revolutionary periods such as the eighteenth-century Enlightenment era relations! Works cited list later to become King Dom João of Bragança, later to become King Dom João.... Bored and middle-aged Way of Thinking: censorship as a Technique. ” Index censorship. A series of flashbacks Marias ’ narrative project „ « New Portuguese »! 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