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The Labrouste reading room at the Bibliothèque Nationale, Site Richelieu, in Paris. had been students. No purchase necessary. Labrouste went on to design the Salle Labrouste, the main reading room in the old Bibliothèque Nationale de France in the Rue de Richelieu, Paris, built between 1862 and 1868. p. 48. The facade, exactly the length of the reading room, and the large windows, expressed the function of the building. It was the first library in Paris to be constructed specifically as a library. In the best of all possible worlds, everyone will get a chance to see this statue in which Voltaire's heart is interred. Its roof consists of nine decorated metal domes supported by slender cast-iron columns. Constructed from 1859–75, Labrouste’s neoclassical masterpiece debuted to much fanfare, both popular and critical. The Library of the National Institute of Art History – The Labrouste Reading Room. – 1917) • Charles Mortet (1917–1922) • Paul Roux-Fouillet (1977–1987) • Geneviève Boisard (1987–1997) • Nathalie Jullian (1997–2006) • Yves Peyré (2006–2015) • François Michaud (2015 – ) In popular culture[edit] The library’s interior was used as the Film Academy Library for scenes of Martin Scorsese’s Academy Award-winning 3D film Hugo, based on Brian Selznick’s Caldecott Medal-winning novel The Invention of Hugo Cabret, where the title character and Isabelle go to find more information about a film which Hugo did not remember its name (A Trip to the Moon), later both finding out to their surprise that its creator is Georges Méliès, Isabelle’s godfather. ISBN 978-2-07-013241-6. [2] By the 9th century, the basilica had been transformed into an Abbey church, and a large monastery had grown up around it, including a scriptorium for the creation and copying of texts. The library was finally expelled from its building. In the new plan, the central bookshelves were removed and tables crossed the room, increasing the seating but reducing the linear effect. The library also displays a notable collection of eighty-six busts of French scientists, some made by the leading French sculptors of the 17th and 18th centuries, including busts by Antoine Coysevox, Jean-Antoine Houdon, and François Girardon. We depend on ad revenue to craft and curate stories about the world’s hidden wonders. A grotto-like lodge decorated with gilded mosaics, rocks and a noisy waterfall was the setting for the most sumptuous pleasure house of 1900s Europe. There’s a reason history regards Pierre-François-Henri Labrouste so fondly: in addition to being among the most important architects of the 19th Century, the man was also a magician of sorts. Every weekday we compile our most wondrous stories and deliver them straight to you. • New Testament from the Abbey Sainte-Geneviève depicting the entry of Christ into Jerusalem Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève,(circa 1525-1530) (Ms. 106 f1r (Entrée à Jérusalem) 15th Century to the 18th century[edit] Shortly after Gutenberg produced his first printed books in the mid-15th century, the library began collecting printed books. When the architect Henri Labrouste showed the marvellous reading room of the BibliothèqueNationale in Paris to the public for the first time in the middle of the 19 th century, the enthusiasm of visitors was focused on the slender metal columns and the naturalistic frescoes on the ceilings, with images of trees and squirrels intended to create the impression of reading outdoors. To learn more or withdraw consent, please visit our cookie policy. And this is Paris! Some features of the old building, including the painted dome, can still be seen within the Lycée. Behind the pink curtain, Au Bonheur du Jour, an art gallery of erotic archives. Oct 7, 2017 - Discover Labrouste Reading Room in Paris, France: This off-limits room in the National Library of France is home to a system of pneumatic tubes, once used to bring books to readers. Inspired by Parisian markets and railway stations, the Labrouste Reading Room is known for the 16, arboreal iron pillars propping up a series of pendentived terra cotta domes. The ferrous structure of this reading room—a spine of slender, cast-iron Ionic columns dividing the space into twin aisles and supporting openwork iron arches that carry barrel vaults of plaster reinforced by iron mesh—has always been revered by Modernists for its introduction of high technology into a monumental building. The early holdings of the library from this time are listed in a 13th-century inventory (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS lat. The base and facade resembled Roman buildings, with simple arched windows and discreet bands of sculpture. Sign up for our newsletter and enter to win the second edition of our book. It is located near the Palais Royal, so it is quite easy to combine both sites during a visit. [9] He was succeeded by Claude Du Mollinet, librarian from 1673 until 1687. © 2021 Atlas Obscura. Henri Labrouste: Subscribers - login to skip ads: Location: Paris, France map: Date: 1843 designed, built 1845 to 1851 timeline: Building Type: library: Construction System: bearing masonry and iron spans: Climate: temperate: Context: urban: Style: Italian Renaissance Revival: Notes: Monumental long vaulted reading room. He had received few architectural commissions, but in 1838 he received the title of Inspector of Historic Monuments, and in this capacity he began to plan the new building. Earlier this week, Kate and I had the pleasure of photographing an American expat, Gretchen, for Our Paris Stories. Labrouste went on to design the Salle Labrouste, the main reading room in the old Bibliothèque Nationale de France in the Rue de Richelieu, Paris, built between 1862 and 1868. The artist Marcel Duchamp was employed in the book reserve in 1913, at the time he was enjoying his first public exhibition in New York. The University of Paris invited several of his collaborators to Paris to begin a new publishing house. By 1687 the library possessed twenty thousand books, and four hundred manuscripts. It gives you access to all specialized departments at the BnF as well as to the INHA Library (Labrouste Room). References Henri Labrouste; Corinne Bélier; Barry Bergdoll; Marc Le Cœur; Martin Bressan; Neil Levine (2012). [8] The new library director, Jean Fronteau, reached out to writers including Pierre Corneille, and famous librarians including Gabriel Naudé, to update and expand the collection. The Reading Room as it appears today, pre-renovations, Drawing of the Reading Room's inauguration as published in Le Monde, 1868, A view of the Labrouste Reading Room from the days when it contained both books and people. The library possesses a text of the Song of Poliphile published in 1499, with engravings after the drawings of Andrea Mantegna and Giovanni Bellini. National Library of France-Richelieu Site: Labrouste Reading Room (J. Chung) The reading room is named after Henri Labrouste who was the architect of the Imperial library in 1854. This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager. Though similar systems involving pneumatic tubes exist elsewhere, Labrouste made this space-age document delivery service a reality, decades before these other institutions, and his tubes have lasted to this day. (c. 1370) The manuscript belonged to king Charles V of France. If you aren’t a student or a researcher, you cannot enter the room; however, the lady at … He saw the library as an important weapon of the Counter-Reformation against Protestantism. The collection of the library was saved from destruction during the French Revolution. Labrouste also designed building so that a majority of the books (sixty thousand) were in the reading room, easily accessible, with a minority (forty thousand) in the reserves. the slender iron columns and the lace-like cast iron arches under the roof were not concealed; combined with the large windows they gave an immediate impression of space and lightness. [22] The monumental staircase from the ground floor to the reading room is placed so it doesn’t take any space from the reading room. Other articles where Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève is discussed: Henri Labrouste: The Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, built between 1843 and 1850, is still admired for the attractiveness and restraint of its decoration and for the sensitive use of exposed iron structural elements (columns and arches). "The Reading Room is covered with a series of nine pendentived simple domes of terra-cotta, supported by twelve slender columns of iron, aranged in four rows, the outer columns standing close to the walls." [25] As the collection continued to grow, a new annex in the modernist style was added in 1954. The Museum of Modern Art. Gleason’s Pictorial. The abbey was said to have been founded at the beginning of the 6th century at the suggestion of Saint Genevieve, who selected the site, across from the original Roman forum. shevyvision: “Rumored to be the inspiration for Hogwarts, this is the Henri Labrouste Reading Room at Sainte-Genevieve Library. External links[edit], Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève. [17] The new library showed the influence of the prevailing academic beaux-arts style and the influence of Florence and Rome, but in other ways it was strikingly original. Private Trip: Immersive Art and Otherworldly Landscapes of Santa Fe, Private Trip: Croatia’s Abandoned Sites & Ancient Cities, Private Trip: A Culinary Exploration of Lisbon, Private Trip: A Mexico City Culinary Adventure, The Museum Treating Home Cooking as Fine Art, Mapmaking Taught Skiing’s ‘Rembrandt of Snow’ the Art of Patience, Secrets From Tel Aviv’s ‘Eclectic’ Era Are Hiding All Over the City, The Careful Work of Breathing Life Into the Corpse Flower, Why Longtime Alaska Residents Are Called 'Sourdoughs', How a Blacksmith in Jordan Created His Own Sign Language, In Naples, Praying With Skulls Is an Ancient Tradition, http://www.archdaily.com/317195/henri-labrouste-structure-brought-to-life, http://www.lrb.co.uk/blog/2013/05/07/gillian-darley/in-the-reading-room/, http://theculturetrip.com/europe/france/articles/henri-labrouste-the-architecture-of-functional-artistry/, http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/bibliotheque_nationale.html, http://www.architectmagazine.com/design/exhibits-books-etc/henri-labrouste-exhibit-at-the-museum-of-modern-art-reviewed_o, http://www.abitare.it/en/habitat-en/historical-heritage/2017/09/03/labrouste-biblioteca-parigi/. The doctrines originally taught by Saint Augustine, and promoted by Suger (1081-1151), the influential religious advisor to the King, required the reading aloud of scriptures, and specified that each monastery have a workshop to produce books and place to keep them. Later in the century, the American architect Charles Follen McKim used the Sainte-Geneviève Library building as the model his design of the main building of the Boston Public Library . The manuscripts were of considerable value: each manuscript was marked with a warning notice that any person who stole or damaged a manuscript would be punished anathema, or the excommunication from the church. This exceptional grouping, which will constitute one of the largest art libraries in the world, will hold more than 1 800 000 documents, of which 230 000 open-access books, and welcome up to 411 readers. Your inscription is valid for both Bnf and INHA. Enzymes are biocatalysts evolved in nature to achieve the speed and coordination of nearly all the chemical reactions that define cellular metabolism necessary to develop and maintain life. Atlas Obscura and our trusted partners use technology such as cookies on our website to personalise ads, support social media features, and analyse our traffic. It was open not only to students, but also to French and foreign scholars. Follow us on Twitter to get the latest on the world's hidden wonders. Du Mollinet founded a famous small museum, the Cabinet of Curiosities, with Egyptian, Greek and Roman antiquities, medals, rare minerals and stuffed animals, within in the library. Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Ms. 777, fol. His project was confirmed by the Chamber of Deputies in 1843, and a budget voted. The library opened again for visitors in July 2017 and it is now a centre for education and national culture. Henri Labrouste (French, 1801-1875). After architect Henri Labrouste’s death, the library was expanded again to include the Oval Reading Room. Offer available only in the U.S. (including Puerto Rico). The later computerization of the catalog created space for an additional one hundred seats. The legs made of wood spheres are a bit goofy, but the surfaces make for comfortable viewing of drawings and even videos (visible in the foreground of the photo above). The building was completed in December 1850. and opened to the public on February 4, 1851. [24] Pingré remained as direct until his death in 1796. Due to the diplomatic skills of the director, Alexandre Pingré, his reputation as an astronomer and geographer, and his contacts within the new government, the collection was not dispersed, and actually grew, as the library took in the collections confiscated from other Abbeys. On COVID-19 and adhering to all specialized departments at the same time, the Labrouste reading room ( ). 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